This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license. It was here that some of the earliest signs of humans have been discovered during the excavations of prehistoric mounds. See Gujrat photos and images from satellite below, explore the aerial photographs of Gujrat in Pakistan. Rainy season (July to September). The onset of the southwest monsoon is anticipated to reach Punjab by May, but since the early 1970s, the weather pattern has been irregular. Muzaffargarh, Punjab, Pakistan Lat Long Coordinates Info. The maps give you Google satellite imaging in a format that is easy to use and quick to navigate through. Its canal-irrigation system established by the British is the largest in the world. In 1818 Nawab Muzaffar Khan was killed by the Sikhs at the Battle of Multan after putting up stout resistance for many years. The literacy rate has increased greatly over the last 40 years (see the table below). Turning to the northeast, Alexander marched to Pucela, the capital of the district now known as Pakhli. Recently the province experienced one of the coldest winters in the last 70 years.[59]. Physical map of Pakistan, equirectangular projection . From about 1813 he began a series of rebellions against the Sikhs which continued throughout his lifetime inflicting defeats on the Sikhs whilst also losing territory to them before being poisoned in 1844. City list of Punjab. Map of India and Pakistan showing location of india and pakistan, india pakistan borders, areas and boundary maps of India Pakistan. There are 39,033 small and cottage industrial units. A clinical ward with 20 beds was established in 2007[98][99] for the treatment of asthma and other respiratory diseases using salt therapy. Punjab Punjab is one of the four provinces of Pakistan, and home to over half the country's population.It is the second largest province in area after Balochistan, and is the most developed and prosperous province. Among the Punjabi poets, the names of Baba Farid, Shah Hussain, Sultan Bahu, Bulleh Shah, Waris Shah and Mian Muhammad Baksh are well known. Relationships with neighbouring British territories then broke down, starting the First Anglo-Sikh War; this led to a British official being resident in Lahore and the annexation in 1849 of territory south of the Satluj to British India. A belt of undulating hills extends along the northeastern part of the state at the foot of the Himalayas. Seminars . Akbar established two of his original twelve subahs (imperial top-level provinces) in Punjab: After the death of the last great Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, in 1707, Mughal authority significantly weakened but didn't totally vanish despite Nadir Shah's invasion in 1739. Muslim peoples: a world ethnographic survey / Richard V. Weekes, editor-in-chief Greenwood Press 1978, "Inferiority complex declining Punjabi language: Punjab University Vice-Chancellor". Since the 1990s Punjab hosted several key sites of Pakistan's nuclear program such as Kahuta. What are the major functions of PDMA? Description Legal. This place is situated in Gujarat, Punjab, Pakistan, its geographical coordinates are 32° 34' 0" North, 74° 5' 0" East and its original name (with diacritics) is Gujrāt. Tours are accompanied by guides as the mine itself is very large and the complex interconnected passages are like a maze. [citation needed], The Indo-Parthian Kingdom was ruled by the Gondopharid dynasty with its capital at Taxila, Punjab. The tile-work of Emperor Shah Jahan is of a richer and more elaborate nature. Amongst folk singers the likes of Inayat Hussain Bhatti, Tufail Niazi, Alam Lohar, Sain Marna, Mansoor Malangi, Allah Ditta Lonawala, Talib Hussain Dard, Attaullah Khan Essa Khailwi, Gamoo Tahliwala, Mamzoo Gha-lla, Akbar Jat, Arif Lohar, Ahmad Nawaz Cheena and Hamid Ali Bela are well-known. Although official estimates rarely place the temperature above 46 °C, newspaper sources claim that it reaches 51 °C and regularly carry reports about people who have succumbed to the heat. He being an officer of Police Service of Pakistan retired in 2015. PDMA Punjab Pakistan. Taxila is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, valued for its archaeological and religious history. State and region boundaries; roads, highways, streets and buildings on satellite photos. The region was known to the ancient Greeks as Pentapotamia, meaning the "region of five rivers,"[27] while the Sanskrit name for the region, as mentioned in the Ramayana and Mahabharata, was Panchanada which means "Land of the Five Rivers. Gandhāra was an ancient kingdom situated in the northwestern region of Pakistan, in the Peshawar valley and Potohar plateau with its capital at Taxila in modern northwestern Pakistan. After the Ghaznavids, Punjab became a part of different Muslim Empires like the Ghurids and later the various Delhi Sultanates which consisted mostly of Turkic peoples, Persians and Afghans as the leading elites in co-operation with some local Punjabi tribes and others. There are a number of folk tales that are popular in different parts of the Punjab. Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan, containing more than half the country’s total population as well as several of its major cities: Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Multān, and Gujranwala.There is considerable rural-to-urban migration … Ranjit Singh made Lahore his capital and formed a sophisticated Sikh Empire which lasted from 1799 to 1849. The map shows a city map of Islamabad with expressways, main roads, and streets, zoom out to find the location of Benazir Bhutto International Airport (IATA code: ISB) situated south of the city near Rawalpindi. It also shares borders with the Indian states of Punjab, Rajasthan, and the Indi… By mid-February the temperature begins to rise; springtime weather continues until mid-April, when the summer heat sets in. "[29] The word Punjab was formally introduced in the early 17th century CE as an elision of the Persian words panj (five) and āb (water), thus meaning the (land of) five rivers, similar in meaning to the Sanskrit and Greek name for the region. The main activities on these special occasions are confined to congregational prayers and rituals. The Kushan period is considered the Golden Period of Gandhara. Soul inspiring music is played and devotees dance in ecstasy. Lahore, Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Kashmir and other subahs (ex-Mughal provinces) on the south and eastern side of Peshawar were under Maratha rule for the most part. Pakistan. They also include Baits, Dohas, Lohris, Sehra, and Jugni.[100]. [71][72] Additionally, several thousand Punjabis gather in Lahore every year on International Mother Language Day. ", "This shows that Taxila was a seat not of elementary, but higher, education, of colleges or a university as distinguished from schools. Punjab is bordered by the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir to the northeast and Punjab and Rajasthan to the east. Cradle of Civilization. According to Manzur Ejaz, "In Central Punjab, Punjabi is neither an official language of the province nor it is used as medium of education at any level. S. (2009). "Mind your language—The movement for the preservation of Punjabi". Around 75 CE under the leadership of Kujula Kadphises they gained control of Gandhara and other parts of what is now Pakistan. Notable activists include Tariq Jatala, Farhad Iqbal, Diep Saeeda, Khalil Ojla, Afzal Sahir, Jamil Ahmad Paul, Mazhar Tirmazi, Mushtaq Sufi, Biya Je, Tohid Ahmad Chattha and Bilal Shaker Kahaloon, Nazeer Kahut, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 18:22. Oxford University Press. The Muslim musicians have contributed a large number of ragas to the repository of classical music. [50] In 1821 Syed Ahmad Barelvi spent two years organizing popular and material support for his Punjab campaign. However Punjabi, Kohistani, and Hindko are derived from the Prakrit that were spoken in Gandhara and its surrounding areas. [93] The Achaemenid Persian empire included Gandhara and western Punjab, administered through the satrapies of Gandāra, Hindush and Sattagydia. The fairs held at the shrines of Sufi saints are called urs. After Partition, Punjab divided into two regions; Indian Punjab and Pakistani Punjab. Katasraj Mandir is a Hindu temple complex situated in Katas village near Choa Saidanshah in the Chakwal District. It forms a part of the folk music through mystic messages. Gandhara's culture peaked during the reign of the Kushan ruler Kanishka the Great (128–151). During the Mughal empire, many Hindus increasingly adopted Sikhism. Help. The Vedic civilisation flourished along the length of the Indus River. Manufacturing includes machine products, cement, plastics, and various other goods. The name of the Gandhāris is attested in the Rigveda (RV 1.126.7[39]) and in ancient inscriptions dating back to Achaemenid Persia. Punjab - Lahore; Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (North-West Frontier) – Peshawar; Pakistan Cities Some of the major cities in the Pakistan Map include Rawalpindi, Lahore, Okara, Qetta, Nasirabad, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Gujranwala, Peshawar, Multan, Larkana, Gwadar and Karachi. Despite the lack of a coastline, Punjab is the most industrialised province of Pakistan;[13] its manufacturing industries produce textiles, sports goods, heavy machinery, electrical appliances, surgical instruments, vehicles, auto parts, metals, sugar mill plants, aircraft, cement, agricultural machinery, bicycles and rickshaws, floor coverings, and processed foods. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Provinces and Territories Map of Pakistan Pakistan (officially, Islamic Republic of Pakistan) is divided into four administrative provinces, two autonomous territories and one federal territory. Mosques abound all over Punjab and vary in architectural style. Converters Timepieces Articles Time Zones. You may do so in any … Punjab is bordered by the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir to the northeast and Punjab and Rajasthan to the east. After the Second Anglo-Sikh War in 1849, the Sikh Empire became the last territory to be merged into British India. Alam Lohar has made significant contributions to folklore and Punjabi literature, by being a very influential Punjabi folk singer from 1930 until 1979. Its provincial capital and largest city is Lahore. AwarenessCampaigns. He entered Western Punjab, where the ancient city of Nysa (at the site of modern-day Mong) was situated. Get the forecast for today, tonight & tomorrow's weather for Multan, Punjab, Pakistan. To find a location use the form below. Punjab (Urdu: پنجاب‎, Shahmukhī Punjabi: پنجاب, panj-āb, “five waters”:  listen, also spelled Panjab, is the most populous of the four provinces of Pakistan. Hi/Low, RealFeel®, precip, radar, & everything you need to be ready for the day, commute, and weekend! Punjab has the highest Human Development Index out of all of Pakistan's provinces at 0.567.[2]. Punjab has been the cradle of civilisation since time immemorial. Unlike neighbouring India, there was no large-scale redistribution of agricultural land. [94][95], Basant is a seasonal festival and is celebrated as a spring festival of kites. [citation needed]. It also hosts major military bases such as at Sargodha and Rawalpindi. Punjab Residency Program (PRP), PG Training (Year-I, Level-III), Selected Candidates List ... 11-A Lawrence Road,Lahore, Punjab,Lahore 54000,Pakistan ( Google Map Link) 042-99206277. info.health@punjab.gov.pk. The number of textile units is 14,820. Welcome to Punjab (Pakistan) Select points of interest to plot on map by type. Are we to live or perish forever? Web Counter : 1106757. [33][34] Although the archaeological site at Harappa was partially damaged in 1857 when engineers constructing the Lahore-Multan railroad used brick from the Harappa ruins for track ballast, an abundance of artefacts have nevertheless been found. The Punjab in 1920s – A Case study of Muslims, Zarina Salamat, Royal Book Company. There are 48 departments in Punjab government. With its contribution ranging from 52.1% to 64.5% in the Service Sector and 56.1% to 61.5% in the agriculture sector. Exhibitions and annual horse shows in all districts and a national horse and cattle show at Lahore are held with the official patronage. Forming the bulk of the transnational Punjab region of Pakistan and India, it is bordered by the Pakistani provinces of Sindh, Balochistan, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the enclave of Islamabad, and Azad Kashmir. Ranjit Singh was not without opponents who challenged his authority in the regions he had conquered. [2][ "PricewaterhouseCoopers Media Centre". When the divisions were restored as a tier of government in 2008, a tenth division – Sheikhupura Division – was created from part of Lahore Division. Social Media. [4][5] Punjab is also the world's fifth-most populous subnational entity, and the most populous outside China or India. The Chief Minister of Punjab (CM) is elected by the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab to serve as the head of the provincial government in Punjab, Pakistan. Azim Khan retreated to Kabul where he died shortly thereafter due to grief. AGRO-ECOLOGICAL ZONES of Punjab PAKISTAN 2019 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS Rome, 2019 By: A. Ahmad, M.R. The music on these occasions is essentially folk and appealing. In the composition of classical ragas, there are such masters as Malika-i-Mauseequi (Queen of Music) Roshan Ara Begum, Ustad Amanat Ali Khan, Salamat Ali Khan and Ustad Fateh Ali Khan. The earliest existing building in South Asia with enamelled tile-work is the tomb of Shah Yusuf Gardezi (1150 AD) at Multan. In the subsequent centuries, Punjab was invaded and conquered by the Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Delhi Sultanate, Mughals, Durranis and the Sikhs. This led to massive rioting as both sides committed atrocities against fleeing refugees. Training Session on Locust in PDMA Office Lahore. Punjab is also a mineral-rich province with extensive mineral deposits of coal, iron, gas, petrol, rock salt (with the second largest salt mine in the world), dolomite, gypsum, and silica-sand. Punjab was referred to in the Rig Veda as the Sapta Sindhu,[26] meaning the "land of the seven rivers." 3. The city of Sirkap founded by Demetrius combines Greek and Indian influences without signs of segregation between the two cultures. PDMA observes Kashmir solidarity walk at Punjab Assembly. List of all cities in Punjab of Pakistan with locations marked by people from around the world. Items acquired by gift or purchase, in common with all such acquisitions of … browse Punjab (Pakistan) google maps gazetteer. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. The Indus Valley Civilization, dating to 2600 BCE, was first discovered at Harappa. The mystic folk songs include the Kafees of Khwaja Farid in Saraiki, Punjabi and the Shalooks by Baba Farid. The Government of Punjab is a provincial government in the federal structure of Pakistan, is based in Lahore, the capital of the Punjab Province. The temple of Jandial, Taxila is usually interpreted as a Zoroastrian fire temple from the period of the Indo-Parthians. The administrative provinces are: Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan and … ; Background paper for the Education for all global monitoring report 2006: literacy for life; 2005", "Rural women uphold Pakistan's literacy rate", Punjabi Parchar spreads colours of love at Visakhi Mela, "Asthma treatment in Pakistani salt mine", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Punjab,_Pakistan&oldid=998933433, States and territories established in 1970, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with dead external links from December 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Articles needing additional references from February 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [54], Migration between Eastern and Western Punjab was continuous before independence. In addition to these departments, there are several Autonomous Bodies and Attached Departments that report directly to either the Secretaries or the Chief Secretary. He is widely considered to be one of the earliest proponents of Punjabi as the language of poetry. The province is home to over half the population of Pakistan, and is the world's fifth-most populous subnational entity, and the most populous outside China or India.Punjabis are a heterogeneous group comprising different tribes, clans (Urdu: برادری‎) and communities. The Punjab Mineral Development Corporation is running over a hundred economically viable projects. Later it was conquered by Alexander the Great in 327 BC, it subsequently became part of the Maurya Empire and then the Indo-Greek Kingdom. Figures for Azad … The Sikhs became a formidable military force after the death of Aurangzeb in 1707 and challenged the Mughals and later the Durrani Afghans for power in Punjab. "Five waters"') is Pakistan's most populous province, with a population of about 110,012,442 as of 2017. Rawalpindi is adjacent to Pakistan's capital of Islamabad, and the two are jointly known as the "twin cities" on account of strong social and economic links between the cities. Google map view Punjab Punjab interactive, live, online, free map. Each Department is headed by a Provincial Minister (Politician) and a Provincial Secretary (A civil servant of usually BPS-20 or BPS-21). The Indo-Scythians seem to have been followers of Buddhism, and many of their practices apparently continued those of the Indo-Greeks. Weather extremes are notable from the hot and barren south to the cool hills of the north. After independence, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while Muslim refugees from India settled in the Western Punjab and across Pakistan, having fled pogroms that almost entirely depopulated Eastern Punjab of its Muslim population.[55]. Heat records were broken in Multan in June 1993, when the mercury was reported to have risen to 54 °C. June and July are oppressively hot. Alexander invested many troops, eventually killing 17,000 Cathians in this battle, and the city of Sagala (present-day Sialkot) was razed to the ground. Punjab has the largest economy in Pakistan, contributing most to the national GDP. Qasim Bagh Fort Multan Fortress. 4- MAP OF PUNJAB PROVINCE OF PAKISTAN SHOWS DISTRICT WISE LITERACY RATE: MAP OF PUNJAB PROVINCE OF PAKISTAN SHOWS DISTRICT WISE LITERACY RATE. The part of the Punjab now in Pakistan once formed a major region of British Punjab, and was home to a large minority population of Punjabi Hindus and Sikhs up to 1947 apart from the Muslim majority. Taxila was a major centre of political control, intellectual discourse and trade between the Hellenistic kingdoms and the Maurya Empire. The province has been strongly influenced by Sufism, with numerous Sufi shrines spread across Punjab which attract millions of devotees annually. The city was third in Pakistan behind Karachi ($78 billion) and Lahore ($40 billion). For more live cricket score visit India TV The pictured wall of Lahore Fort is the last line in the tile-work in the entire world. Islamabad International is a hub for Pakistan International Airlines (www.piac.com.pk). [83] and during 2008–09 grew at 6% against the total GDP growth of Pakistan at 4%. From ancient to modern: Religion, power, and community in India hardcover. Cotton and rice are important crops. The Hephthalite Huns captured Gandhara around 451, and did not adopt Buddhism, but in fact "perpetrated frightful massacres." Directorate General of Mines & Minerals, Punjab; Chief Inspectorate of Mines; Mines Labour Welfare Commissioner, Punjab; Punjab Mineral Company; Punjab Mineral Development Corporation; Gallery. [citation needed]. Only a few monthly literary magazines constitute Punjabi press in Pakistan". Get directions, maps, and traffic for Sahiwal, Punjab. [81] In 2007, Punjab achieved a growth rate of 7.8%[82] and during the period 2002–03 to 2007–08, its economy grew at a rate of between 7% to 8% per year. Most areas in Punjab. [ 32 ] at Taxila, Punjab. 32. Site of modern-day Mong ) was situated rises as high as 110 °F ( 4 ). In all districts and a national horse and cattle show at Lahore is the largest ethnic group in Pakistan map! Hindush and Sattagydia visit in Punjab. [ 2 ] the partition of India and Pakistan, while east.! 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